Charles Binns  (I261)
Given Names: Charles
Surname: Binns

Gender: Male Male

Birth: about 1813 Leach House, Lancaster
Death: 12 January 1887 Clay Cross

Personal Facts and Details
Birth about 1813 Father27Mother23 Leach House, Lancaster

MarriageReligious Marriage
6 August 1839 (Age 26) Elizabeth Walmsley - St Luke, Liverpool, Lancs

MarriageReligious Marriage
17 May 1871 (Age 58) Julia Parker Hartcup - St Stephen, Dulwich, London

Death 12 January 1887 (Age 74) Clay Cross

Last Change 29 June 2016 - 09:43:59 - by: binnsadmin


1836 At Tapton House with George Stephenson
1839 Aug 14 The Derby Mercury; Marriages:- On Tuesday, at St Lukes Church, Liverpool, Charles Binns Esq., Tapton Hall, in this county, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Joshua Walmsley, Esq of Liverpool.
1841 Aug 18 Derby Mercury; Account of festivities held at Tapton Hall, Clay Cross, for workers at Clay Cross colliery. Charles Binns was the conductor of the ceremonies
1840 Jun 24 The Derby Mercury; Births:- At Tapton Hall on Sunday sennight, the Lady of C Binns Esq, of a daughter.
1844 National Archives: C 14/318/W97 Plaintiffs: Charles Edward Walmsley and another.Defendants: Moses Hadfield (deceased), Charles Walmsley and wife, John Braddock Walmsley, William Thomas Walmsley, Margaret Anne Walmsley, Charles Binns (deceased) and wife, George Champion and wife, Margaret Dewhurst Walmsley and James Crossley.
1845 Feb 13 Fife Herald: AGRICULTURE AND MANUFACTURES. Mr Binns, at a recent meeting of the Wingerworth Farmers' Club, observed :—« James Brotherton had given them instance of a celebrated chemist doubling the produce of a farm. In three years he (Mr Binns) had trebled the produce on a portion of his farm (Cheers.) There was not a farmer in that room who could have done this— and why? Because he had not sufficient capital to expend in the necessary experiments, whereas he (Mr Binns) had the capital of a large company at command. (Hear, hear.) He was told by Mr Stephenson [the celebrated engineer] to adopt the best method, and grow as much as possible, in order that the agriculturists of the district might; see what skill and capital could accomplish. During the three years he had produced on land which some present knew to be the worst Clay Cross, and which had let at £1 acre, very considerable crops. When entered his small farm he put in 70,000 draining tiles: he had now capital standing upon it to the amount of £6000; but he had no hesitation in saying that in three years' time he would not have one farthing of capital upon it." (Hear.)
1850-57 Charles Binns age 36, manager of Claycross works was a witness in a case for restitution of conjugal rights brought by John Jepson Rowley against his wife Mary Anne nee Rowley. Borthwick Institute [Cons.cp.1850/4]
1851 Clay Cross works purchased by inter alia Sir Joshua Walmsley
1854 Aug 9 The Derby Mercury: C Binns Esq in the chair for a meeting of the Midland Mining Company held at the Peacock Inn, Chesterfield.
1856 Aug 27 The Derby Mercury: Clay Cross Reading Room; Mr C Binns, manager for the Clay Cross Company, having provided a library of upwards of 1,000 volumes for the use of the workmen, publicly opened the library in the large public hall recently erected by the company.
1858 Jan 1 Formal agreement between Charles Binns and the owners of Clay Cross Coal and Ironworks Company. Gives Charles Binns full managerial and financial control of Clay Cross Lime and Coal Works. Salary a minimum of £600 per year, with a bonus of 10% of net profit for profits between £60,000 and £100,000, and 5% of net profit for profit exceeding that amount. The contract allowed him sole use of Clay Cross Hall. In addition he was given a horse and groom, plus a cow, and free coal.
1859 Nov 30 Derby Mercury: C Binns in the chair for the half yearly meeting of the Milltown Mining Company
1861 Reports from Commissioners: Inspectors of Mines; Inundation of water at Clay Cross, Mr Binns (now chief manager), at that time Mr Stephenson's private secretary
1861/2 Member of North of England Institute of Mining Engineers, Clay Cross
1862 Jan 14 London Gazette: The owners of the Midland Iron Company of Masbrough and Swinton, near Rotherham, convey and assign all their assets to their creditors including Charles Binns of Clay Cross.
1862 Jul 11 London Gazette: Chairman at meeting for voluntary winding up of Milltown Mining Company (Limited)
1866 Jan After the death of his brother Jonathan George it is said that Charles took over his interests in the Netherseal Colliery
1866 Mar 20 London Gazette: Letters of administration for Jonathan George Binns, mine agent of Froghall near Cheadle, granted at Lichfield to Charles Binns, of Clay Cross, mining engineer
1869 May 19 Derby Mercury: Portrait of Charles Binns by Macnee exhibited at Royal Academy
1869 Feb 13 Chesterfield Herald: Presentation of portrait to Charles Binns
1871 May 24 Derby Mercury: Marriage on 17th at St Stephens, Dulwich, Charles Binns of Clay Cross, Derbyshire to Julia Parker, youngest daughter of the late Rev Thomas Hartcup and granddaughter of the late General Hartcup, R. E.
1872 Aug 21 Probate of the Will of Rev William Ellis, missionary to Hawai, dated 1861, names his friend Charles Binns as executor.
1873 Dec 5 G W R Probate Register: Names as one of the executors of Dame Adeline Walmsley, late of Hume Towers, Bournemouth, widow, under £12,000
1876 Mar 8 Derby Mercury: The Midland Railway; It is related that on a beautiful morning in the autumn of 1835, a yellow post-chaise might have been seen emerging from the New Inn at Derby, and taking its way up the Duffield Road, into the country. George Stephenson and his secretary Mr Charles Binns, were the occupants; there object being to find the best route for a line between Derby and Leeds.
1878 Apr 10 Derby Mercury: Charles Binns no longer member of the Clay Cross Local Board
1880 Feb 25 Derby Mercury: Charles Binns, Clay Cross, manager, was a member of Crompton & Evans Union Bank Ltd.
1881 Jan 14 Letter of condolence to Charles Binns on death of his daughter Adeline, aged just 40. Says he is too old to travel to funeral.[George Robert Stephenson 1819-1905, Railway Engineer, nephew of George Stephenson]
1881 Mar 30 Derby Mercury: Charles Binns nominated and re-elected to the Clay Cross Burial Board.
1881 Census, head at The Hale, Market Street, Clay Lane,Derbyshire [Clay Cross], age 67, manager of Clay Cross iron works.
1881 Jun 11 Sheffield Daily Telegraph: Stephenson Centenary Celebration at Chesterfield; Attending the service was Charles Binns, of Clay Cross, formerly in the employ of George Stephenson. George Stephensons niece was also present, formerly Miss Annie Stephenson, and daughter of John Stephenson, Georges brother. When George resided at Tapton House, Miss Annie lived with him as his daughter. Her father was killed at the Stephenson locomotive works in Newcastle. She is now Mrs Rose and her husband is an engine driver
1882 May 6 Sheffield Independent: Presentation to Mr Chas. Binns of Clay Cross who recently resigned the general managership of the company after holding the position for 43 years. Acting on the advice of his medical attendants he was not present
1882 May 15 G W R Probate Register: Hugh Molineaux Walmsley, late of 137 Nagram, Paris, Colonel in the Imperial Ottoman Army, transmitted th Charles Binns Esq., Clay Cross
1887 Jan 15 Leeds Mercury: Obituary of Charles Binns. Interesting
1887 Jan 15, Obituary in Derbyshire Times. Closely associated with many leading developers of the railway, such as George Stephenson, Robert Stephenson, George Sanders, Joshua Walmsley, and George Hudson. First wife was daughter of Joshua Walmsley.
1887 Jan 19 Derby Mercury: Charles Binns funeral in Clay Cross
1887 Jan 22 Derbyshire Times: Portrait of Charles Binns, painted by Sir Daniel Mc Nee at a cost of 600 guineas has been bequeathed to the Chesterfield and Midland Institution of Engineers.
1887 Jan 29 Lancaster Gazette: THE LATE MR. CHARLES BINNS. The following notice of Mr Charles Binns, son of the late Mr Jonathan Binns, of Lancaster, appeared in the Railway News cf Saturday last: — Mr. Charles Binns, J. P., of Clay Cross, Derbyshire, whose death occurred on Wednesday se'nnight, was in many respects a remarkable man. Born near Lancaster in 1813, he at the age of nineteen became the manager of a colliery at Haydock, Newton-le- Willows. His fellow lodger was George Stephenson, a circumstance that proved the turning point in Mr Binns' career. Stephenson was at that time engaged in the construction of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, and had not much difficulty in inducing his new acquaintance to relinquish the appoiutment be held and act as his private secretary. In this capacity Mr. Binns journeyed with his patron and friend not only throughout almost the whole length of England,but to many parts of the world. Among other important projects in which he was associated with Stephenson, was the tracing of a route for the North Midland Railway, which, after all the Parliamentary and other difficulties had been surmounted, was formally opened in May 1840 Four years later it was amalgamated with the Birmingham and Derby and Midland Counties Railways, and thus the Midland Railway, as it is now understood, was formed Duriug the progress of the works on the North Midland, Stephenson's attention was directed to the valuable beds of coal in the neighbourhood of Chesterfield. His natural shrewdness stood him in good stead, and, inducing a number of friends to cooperate with him, a lease of the Clay Cross estate was taken. The original Clay Cross Company, of which the late Mr Binns was appointed manager at the age of 27, consisted of George and Robert Stephenson, George Hudson (" the Railway King"), Carr Glynn, the banker, Joshua Walmsley, engineer, and George Sandars, engineer. The company commenced operations in May, 1840, on the opening of the North Midland, and it is on record that Mr Binns rode with the first truck of coal sent by rail from Derbyshire to London, the route then being by Camden Town. Although changes ultimately took place in the proprietary, Mr Binns continued to be the head and front of the management of the Clay Cross Company down to 1881, when he retired into private life. His name is inseparably associated with Clay Cross, which, from a miserable collection cf squalid cottages, he saw with pride and pleasure attain the dignity of an important town, pulsating with life and commercial activity ; and for this he was mainly responsible. Mr Binns was in some measure instrumental in founding the Chesterfield and Derbyshire Institute of Mining, Civil, and Mechanical Engineers, and took a prominent part in promoting the scheme for the Stephenson Memorial Hall at Chesterfield. He was the original chairman of the Clay Cross Waterworks Company, the Netherseal Colliery Company, the Midland Ironworks Company, and many other large concerns. The operations of the Clay Cross Company under his direction were perhaps of greater magnitude than any in the Midlands, no fewer than nine collieries working at one time. From the day of his joining George Stephenson as his secretary, Mr Binns was associated with the Father of Railways in all his railway enterprises until the starting of the Clay Cross Company, on the opening of the North Midland Railway, and was one of the great engineer's nearest and dearest friends. Mr Binns accompanied Stephenson, among other places, to Brussels, on the occasion of his historic interview with the King of the Belgians, respecting his great railway undertaking there. A dandy fellow, who was to have an audience of the king on the same occasion, consulted Stephenson as to the gloves they should wear. "I tell you what," said George, " my mother gave me a pair of gloves when I was born, and I tell you, master, I don't mean to put any other gloves on ; and if the King of the Belgians won't have George Stephenson with the gloves his mother gave him, clean washed, then good morning to the King of the Belgians." Mr Binns' funeral took place at Clay Cross, on the 15th inst., and was numerously attended
1887 Jan 17 Leeds Mercury: Obituary
1887 Feb 26 Will of Charles Binns late of Clay Cross Hall, Chesterfield, esquire, who died there 12 Jan 1887, proved at Principal Registry by; Joseph Callinor of Leek, gentleman; Joseph Bower Siddall of Clay Cross Hall, physician; his daughters Florence Carrington (wife of Arthur Carrington) of Ankerbold, Chesterfield and Emily Rachel Rickman (wife of Samuel Rickman) of Chesterfield; and his widow Julia Parker Binns of Clay Cross Hall. £68187
1887 Mar 3 Daily News (London): Will of Charles Binns. Value £68,000. To wife £500 and annuity of £400 in addition to her marriage settlement. £200 for each of the children of his deceased brother Jonathan George Binns, residue in trust of fourth shares to daughter Mrs Siddall, Mrs Carrington, and Mrs Rickman, and the children of his deceased daughter Adeline Wilson.
1887 Mar 26 Derbyshire Times: Announcement of sale at Clay Cross Hall on instructions from executors of a large proportion of the household furniture and effects of the late Charles Binns.
1887 Apr 8 Nottinghamshire Guardian: Chesterfield and Midland Counties Institution of Engineers; words in praise of Charles Binns devotion to educational causes. Thanks for the portrait left to them in his will.
1896 Nov 14 Derbyshire Times: The Town Clerk [Chesterfield] was instructed to ask the Midland Counties Institute of Mining Engineers whether it was their wish to remove the portrait of the late Charles Binns from the Engineers Council Room to the Municipal Hall
Tapton Hall is a listed buiding "Late C18. Somewhat in the style of John Carr of York. Red brick with double stone bands above ground floor. 3 storeys 4-1-3 sashes, centre 3 light sash in advanced bay with pediment above. Stone modillion cornice. Hipped slate roof, 1st floor centre window has stone balustrade and wood mullions with Corinthian pilasters. 3 part stone doorway with columns, side lights and pediment. Side elevation has 5 windows with 3 bay stone centre window feature with pilasters and cornice. Round steps up. Centre windows ornamental stone architmves. Rear has 8 windows and good open stone pedimented door. Interior Late Cl8 in style, much of it original but with later embellishments. Setting Landscape park-house set on top of hill, park now public. History Tapton House was the home of George Stephenson the railway pioneer".
1907 North Devon Record Office: B127-6/1448 Statement of funds held under the will of of Charles Binns Esq. (proved 26th February 1887); includes statement of funds etc. under Mr. and Mrs. S. Rickman's marriage settlements
2013 Oct 13 Ebay sale of dividend certificate for half year to 31 Dec 1908; £33 8s 5d for Forth Bridge Railway Company payable to executors of Charles Binns.

There are no Source citations for this individual.

There are no media objects for this individual.
Family with Parents - [View Family (F41)]
4 years

Marriage: 17 February 1809 -- Austwick
19 months
2 years
4 months
12 months
2 years
2 years

Family with Elizabeth Walmsley - [View Family (F73)]

Marriage: 6 August 1839 -- St Luke
11 months
17 months
2 years
3 years
3 years

Family with Julia Parker Hartcup - [View Family (F78)]
15 years

Marriage: 17 May 1871 -- St Stephen